This chapter provides an overview of the non-formal management education and in-service training and identiﬁes various assessment tools used in Western Europe and Northern America. The chapter ends with an examination of options of safeguarding the value of non-formal management education and management development programmes in the spirit and context of life-long learning. Published in June 2009 in The Sage Handbook of Management Learning, Education and Development by Steven J Armstrong and Cynthia V Fukami. Author: Lichia Yiu, Raymond Saner
Since the 1990s, more and more corporate learning has been moved online to allow for flexibility, just-in-time learning, and cost saving in delivering training. This trend has been evolved along with the introduction of web-based applications for HRM purposes, known as electronic human Resource Management (e-HRM).
View article For copy of the full article, please contact the authors
Human capital is seen as one of the key factor conditions contributing to national competitiveness and economic performance (Porter, 2002). Productivity performance of OECD countries tends to correspond to the skill levels of the workforce in specific countries. Hence, governments increasingly view human capital formation, both quantity and quality of workforce, as one of the key levers in ensuring sustained productivity gains and standard of living.
Author: Yiu, L., Saner, R.
Saner, Raymond, Yiu Lichia, “ Renforcer la corrélation entre formation et performance”, in Persorama, Nr. 4, 2006, pp. 44-46
Saner, R. "The Need for Quality Assurance Systems of Training and Education in China to ensure Competitiveness and Sustainable Socio-Economic Development". Technoeconomics & Management Research 1. Beijing, 2005.
This article delineates the link between high quality education and training and the filed of national competitiveness theory. In particular, the author's goal here is to develop the reasons why countries increasingly need well trained and motivated human resources.
An article published in "Technoeconomics & Management Research", Vol. 6 (2004 ) & Vol. 1 (2005) Beijing, Vol. 6 pp: 11-13 Vol.1 pp.11-14, Beijing.