Globalization exerts powerful pressures on our national government and public administrations. Most distinctive are the pressures regarding public management effectiveness and the internationalization of the civil service. The former demands that traditional public administrative culture be transformed into a managerial culture, the latter involves increasing alignment of national policies and relations with the private sector according to international standards and practices. Civil servants are pushed by these trends to expand the definition of their role and to acquire new knowledge and skills in order to meet this challenge of globalization.
Saner, R.;"Globalization and its impact on leadership qualification in public administration". International Review of Administrative Sciences, Vol. 67: 649-661, 2001.